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Nosotros Commands

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2016-12-15 – © Baldo Partners: Hector Cantú & Carlos Castellanos; Universal UClick

Formation of the nosotros command forms

The formation of all command forms except for the and vosotros affirmative forms is very regular. Really, the command forms are just a special case of the Subjunctive mode. The nosotros commands are formed exactly like the majority of commands in Spanish.

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2014-07-16 – © Baldo Partners: Hector Cantú & Carlos Castellanos; Universal UClick

There are four steps to forming commands. It’s very important that you follow all steps and that you always start with step 1. This may seem obvious, but over the years, the most common mistake is that students skip step 1!

  1. Start with the yo form in the present indicative of the verb in question:
    • hablar: hablo
    • comer: como
    • escribir: escribo
    • tener: tengo
    • pedir: pido
    • preocupar(se): preocupo
  2. Remove the ‘o’.
    (if the yo form doesn’t end in ‘o’, then by definition that verb will be irregular in the negative forms)
    • hablar: habl
    • comer: com
    • escribir: escrib
    • tener: teng
    • pedir: pid
    • preocuparse: preocup
  3. Swap the vowel class
    (this means if a verb is an -ar verb you’re going to treat it as if it were an -er verb. If the verb in question is an -er or -ir verb, then you will treat it as if it were an -ar verb.)
  4. Conjugate the verb for the person you need. In this case, nosotros:
    • hablar:
      • nosotros: ¡Hablemos! [Let’s talk!]
    • comer:
      • nosotros: ¡Comamos! [Let’s eat!]
    • escribir:
      • nosotros: ¡Escribamos! [Let’s write!]
    • tener:
      • nosotros: ¡Tengamos! [Let’s have (it)!]
    • pedir:
      • nosotros: ¡Pidamos! [Let’s ask!]
    • preocupar(se):
      • nosotros: ¡No nos preocupemos! [Let’s not worry ourselves!]

Object Pronouns with nosotros commands

Affirmative commands are one of the few places where direct object, indirect object and reflexive pronouns don’t go before the verb. With affirmative commands, the object pronouns always go after and attached to the command form. Further, the stress on the original form should remain the same so at times a written accent will be required. See the following examples:

  • ¡Escribámosla! [Let’s write it!]
  • ¡Comámosla! [Let’s eat it!]

With negative commands, the object pronouns are back in front of the verb where you would expect them to be normally:

  • ¡No la escribamos! [Let’s not write it!]
  • ¡No la comamos! [Let’s no eat it!]

Reflexive affirmative nosotros commands

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2014-12-19 – © Baldo Partners: Hector Cantú & Carlos Castellanos; Universal UClick

Reflexive verbs are dealt with slightly differently for affirmative nosotros commands. Given that the reflexive pronoun for nosotros is nos, we might expect the command to look like this:

  • ¡Sentémosnos! [sic: Let’s sit down.]
  • ¡Vistámosnos! [sic: Let’s get dressed.]

For reasons largely of ease of pronunciation, however, the affirmative nosostros commands always eliminate the final ‘s’ of the verb form, though they retain the full nos reflexive pronoun. Thus, the correct forms of the two examples above are:

  • ¡Sentémonos! [Let’s sit down.]
  • ¡Vistámonos! [Let’s get dressed.]