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Formal Commands (Ud. and Uds.)

En España, hoy es domingo el 19 de noviembre de 2017.

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2014-11-24 – © Tute; Universal UClick

Formation of the formal command forms (Ud. and Uds.)

The formation of all command forms except for the and vosotros affirmative forms is very regular. Really, the command forms are just a special case of the Subjunctive mode

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2014-10-31 – © Baldo Partners: Hector Cantú & Carlos Castellanos; Universal UClick

There are four steps to forming commands. It’s very important that you follow all steps and that you always start with step 1. This may seem obvious, but over the years, the most common mistake is that students skip step 1!

  1. Start with the yo form in the present indicative of the verb in question:
    • hablar: hablo
    • comer: como
    • escribir: escribo
    • tener: tengo
    • pedir: pido
    • preocupar(se): preocupo
  2. Remove the ‘o’.
    (if the yo form doesn’t end in ‘o’, then by definition that verb will be irregular in the negative forms)
    • hablar: habl
    • comer: com
    • escribir: escrib
    • tener: teng
    • pedir: pid
    • preocuparse: preocup
  3. Swap the vowel class
    (this means if a verb is an -ar verb you’re going to treat it as if it were an -er verb. If the verb in question is an -er or -ir verb, then you will treat it as if it were an -ar verb.)
  4. Conjugate the verb for the person you need:
    • hablar:
      • ud.: ¡Hable ud.! [Speak!]
      • uds.: ¡Hablen uds.! [Speak!]
    • comer:
      • ud.: ¡Coma ud.! [Eat!]
      • uds.: !Coman uds.! [Eat!]
    • escribir:
      • ud.: ¡Escriba ud.! [Write!]
      • uds.: ¡Escriban uds.! [Write!]
    • tener:
      • ud.: ¡Tenga ud.! [Speak!]
      • uds.: ¡Tengan uds.! [Speak!]
    • pedir:
      • ud.: ¡Pida ud.! [Ask!]
      • uds.: ¡Pidan uds.! [Ask!]
    • preocupar(se):
      • ud.: ¡No te precupe ud.! [Don’t worry yourself!]
      • uds.: ¡No se preocupen uds.! [Don’t worry yourselves!]

Object Pronouns with commands

Affirmative commands are one of the few places where direct object, indirect object and reflexive pronouns don’t go before the verb. With affirmative commands, the object pronouns always go after and attached to the command form. Further, the stress on the original form should remain the same so at times a written accent will be required. See the following examples:

  • ¡Háblenme uds.! [Speak to me!] (note the accent!)
  • ¡Cómalo ud.! [Eat it!] (note the accent)
  • ¡Démelo ud.! [Give it to me!] (note the accent)
  • ¡Escribámosla! [Let’s write it]
  • ¡Siéntense uds.! [Sit down!]

With negative commands, the object pronouns are back in front of the verb where you would expect them to be normally:

  • ¡No lo comas! [Don’t eat it!]
  • ¡No me hablen! [Don’t speak to me!]
  • ¡No la escribamos! [Let’s not write it!]
  • ¡No lo pidáis! [Don’t ask for it (y’all)!]
  • ¡No te preocupes! [Don’t worry yourself!]


Baldo viene de http://ucomics.com

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