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La zapatera prodigiosa
por Federico García Lorca

En España, hoy es miércoles el 14 de noviembre de 2018.


La zapatera prodigiosa is a theatrical comedy written by Federico García Lorca between 1927 and 1930. The play tells the story of a married couple in a small town in Spain. The town is shocked at the marriage. The wife, a girl of just 18, marries the local shoemaker who is in his 50s! Neither of the two seem to benefit from this marriage, nor do they seem to enjoy any part of it! They spend much of the first act making one another miserable until the beleaguered shoemaker escapes his unhappy situation and leaves.

Despite her withering criticism of her husband, the zapatera finds herself lost without her husband, and longs for his return. The couple reunite after trials and tribulations, but are they really better off back together again?

Though written as a commentary on Spanish society in the 1920s, the play is surprisingly modern, addressing themes of domestic violence, harassment, and the objectification of women. Lorca was far ahead of his time in his views on the rights of women.

García Lorca is acknowledged as one of the two greatest playwrights of the 20th century in Spanish (the other being Valle Inclán). Lorca was born in June of 1898 just west of Granada in the south of Spain. At university, he studied law, literature, and composition, but his heart lay with theatre and music. He was an accomplished concert pianist.

Lorca became strongly associated with the avant-gard in Spain at this time, and suffered from a number of personal crisis having to do with his sexuality. In part to escape this troubled portion of his life, he traveled to the United States in June of 1929, and even spent some time on a small farm in Eden Mills, Vermont, visiting the American poet Philip Cummings and his family in their cabin on Lake Eden. Lorca returned to Spain in 1930 with the establishment of the Second Spanish Republic. He was appointed as director of a small theatre company, charged with bringing classical Spanish theatre to rural Spain.

With the Fascist coup in 1936 and the rise of the dictator Francisco Franco, coupled with Lorca’s increasingly challenging literary work, Lorca was arrested and murdered by a Falangist (fascist) militia in August of 1936. Franco banned the publication and possession of all of Lorca’s literary work until 1953 when a partial ban allowed the performance of some of his plays and the publication of selected (and censored) poems. His complete works were not published in Spain until 1984.


Los personajes

  • La zapatera
  • El zapatero
  • El alcalde
  • El niño
  • Las vecinas
  • otros

Ver otra versión aquí.

¡Y una versión preciosa de unos alumnos jóvenes!